EMP is funded through the Horizon2020 programme of the European Commission.
Selected Publications

Dynamic behavior of magnetic avalanches in the spin-ice compound Dy2Ti2O7

M. J. Jackson, E. Lhotel, S. R. Giblin, S. T. Bramwell, D. Prabhakaran, K. Matsuhira, Z. Hiroi, Q. Yu, and C. Paulsen

Avalanches of the magnetization, that is to say an abrupt reversal of the magnetization at a given field, have been previously reported in the spin-ice compound Dy2Ti2O7. This out-of-equilibrium process, induced by magnetothermal heating, is quite usual in low-temperature magnetization studies. A key point is to determine the physical origin of the avalanche process. In particular, in spin-ice compounds, the origin of the avalanches might be related to the monopole physics inherent to the system. We have performed a detailed study of the avalanche phenomena in three single crystals, with the field oriented along the [111] direction, perpendicular to [111], and along the [100] directions. We have measured the changing magnetization during the avalanches and conclude that avalanches in spin ice are quite slow compared to the avalanches reported in other systems such as molecular magnets. Our measurements show that the avalanches trigger after a delay of about 500 ms and that the reversal of the magnetization then occurs in a few hundreds of milliseconds. These features suggest an unusual propagation of the reversal, which might be due to the monopole motion. The avalanche fields seem to be reproducible in a given direction for different samples, but they strongly depend on the initial state of magnetization and on how the initial state was achieved.

Phys. Rev. B 90, 064427 (2014)

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.064427