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Superfluid 3He


  • D. Vollhardt and P. Wölfle, The Superfluid Phases of Helium 3, Courier Corporation, 2013.
  • Leggett, Anthony James. Quantum liquids: Bose condensation and Cooper pairing in condensed-matter systems. Oxford university press, 2006.
  • G.E. Volovik, The universe in a helium droplet. Vol. 117. Oxford university press, Oxford, 2003.
  • Tilley, David R., and John Tilley. Superfluidity and superconductivity. Routledge, 2019.
  • Brusov, Peter, and Pavel Brusov. Collective excitations in unconventional superconductors and superfluids. World scientific, 2010.

Properties of Superfluid 3He

J. C. Wheatley, Rev. Mod. Phys. 47, 415 (1975).

Halperin, William Paul, and E. Varoquaux. “Order-parameter collective modes in superfluid 3He.” Modern Problems in Condensed Matter Sciences. Vol. 26. Elsevier, 1990. 353-522.

3He in Aerogel

W. P. Halperin, Superfluid 3He in Aerogel, Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics, Vol. 10:155-170 (Volume publication date March 2019) First published as a Review in Advance on December 10, 2018


BEC of magnons in Superfluid 3He

Experimental study of separation of magnetization precession in 3He-B into two magnetic domains, A. S. Borovik-Romanov, Yu. M. Bunkov, V. V. Dmitriev, Yu. M. Mukharskiy, and K. Flachbart, Zh. Eskp. Teor. Fiz.88, 2025 (1985) [Sov. Phys. JETP 61, 1199 (1985)]

Separation of magnetization precession in 3He-B into two magnetic domains. Theory I. A. Fomin, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 88, 2039 (1985) [Sov. Phys. JETP 61, 1207 (1985)] Investigation of spin supercurrents in 3He-B, Borovik-Romanov, A.S., Bunkov, Y.M., Dmitriev, V.V., Mukharskiy, Y.M., Sergatskov, D.A., Physical Review Letters, 1989, 62, 1631 (1989)

I.A. Fomin, Pulsed NMR and the Spatially Nonuniform Precession of Spin in the Superfluid Phases of 3He. In: Helium 3, ed. by W.P. Halperin and L.P. Pitaevskii. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., 1990. Chapter 9. P.609 Nonhydrodynamic spin transport in superfluid 3He, Yu. M. Bunkov, V. V. Dmitriev, A. V. Markelov, Yu. M. Mukharskii, and D. Einzel, Physical Review Letters 65, 867 (1990),

Homogeneous spin precession in rotating vortex-free 3He-B: Measurement of the superfluid density anisotropy, J. S. Korhonen, Yu. M. Bunkov, V. V. Dmitriev, Y. Kondo, M. Krusius, Yu. M. Mukharskiy, Ü. Parts, and E. V. Thuneberg, Phys. Rev. B 46, 13983 (1992),

Persistent spin precession in 3He-B in the regime of vanishing quasiparticle density, Yu. M. Bunkov, S. N. Fisher, A. M. Guénault, and G. R. Pickett, Physical Review Letters 69, 3092 (1992),

Nonwetting Conditions for Coherent Quantum Precession in Superfluid 3He−B, Yu. M. Bunkov, O. D. Timofeevskaya, and G. E. Volovik, Physical Review Letters 73, 1817 (1994),

Experimental Evidence of the Wetting-Nonwetting Crossover for Coherent Quantum Precession in Superfluid 3He−B, P. Skyba, R. Harakály, Ľ. Lokner, and A. Feher, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 477 (1995),

Stable Spin Precession at One Half of Equilibrium Magnetization in Superfluid 3He-B, V. V. Dmitriev, I. V. Kosarev, M. Krusius, D. V. Ponarin, V. M. H. Ruutu, and G. E. Volovik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 86 (1997),

Persistent Coherent Spin Precession in Superfluid 3He−B Driven by Off-Resonant Excitation, D. J. Cousins, S. N. Fisher, A. I. Gregory, G. R. Pickett, and N. S. Shaw, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4484 (1999),

Stabilization of Homogeneously Precessing Domains by Large Magnetic Fields in Superfluid 3He−B, D. A. Geller and D. M. Lee, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1032 (2000), Spin Precession Waves in Superfluid 3He−B, E. Gažo, M. Kupka, M. Medeová, and P. Skyba, Physical Review Letters 91, 055301 (2003),

Magnon Condensation into a Q Ball in 3He−B, Yu. M. Bunkov and G. E. Volovik, Physical Review Letters 98, 265302 (2007),

New Non-Goldstone Collective Mode of BEC of Magnons in Superfluid 3He−B, M. Človečko, E. Gažo, M. Kupka, and P. Skyba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 155301 (2008),

Decay of persistent precessing domains in 3He-B at very low temperatures, S. N. Fisher, G. R. Pickett, P. Skyba, and N. Suramlishvili, Phys. Rev. B 86, 024506 (2012),

BEC of magnons in superfluid 3He-B and symmetry breaking fields, M. Kupka and P. Skyba, Phys. Rev. B 85, 184529 (2012),

Observation of a Time Quasicrystal and Its Transition to a Superfluid Time Crystal, S. Autti, V. B. Eltsov, and G. E. Volovik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 215301, (2018)

Vortex-mediated relaxation of magnon BEC into light Higgs quasiparticles, S. Autti, P. J. Heikkinen, S. M. Laine, J. T. Mäkinen, E. V. Thuneberg, V. V. Zavjalov, and V. B. Eltsov, Phys. Rev. Research 3, L032002 (2021),

Bose-Einstein Condensation of Magnons and Spin Superfluidity in the Polar Phase of 3He, S. Autti, V. V. Dmitriev, J. T. Mäkinen, J. Rysti, A. A. Soldatov, G. E. Volovik, A. N. Yudin, and V. B. Eltsov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 025303,

Superfluid 3He and Cosmology

* Laboratory simulation of cosmic string formation in the early Universe using Superfluid 3He. C. Bäuerle, Y. Bunkov, S.N. Fisher, H. Godfrin and G.R. Pickett. Nature, 382, 332-334 (1996)

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