Selected Publications

- Andreev Reflection in Superfluid He-3: A Probe for Quantum Turbulence

Bradley et al., Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics Vol. 8: 407-430 (2017) - Operating Nanobeams in a Quantum Fluid

Bradley et al., Nature Scientific Reports**7**, 4876 (2017) - Single Quantum Level Electron Turnstile

D.M.T. Van Zanten et al., Phys. Rev. Lett.**116**166801 (2016) - Topological Superconductivity and High Chern Numbers in 2D Ferromagnetic Shiba Lattices

J. RĂ¶ntynen, T. Ojanen, Phys. Rev. Lett.**114**236803, (2015) - Squeezing of Quantum Noise of Motion in a Micromechanical Resonator

J.-M. Pirkkalainen et al., Phys. Rev. Lett**115**, 24 (2015) - Direct-current superconducting quantum interference devices for the readout of metallic magnetic calorimeters

S. Kempf, A. Ferring, A. Fleischmann, C. Enss, Supercond. Sci. Technol.**28**, 045008 (2015)

## Massless surface waves between two different superfluid phases of He 3

*I. Todoshchenko*

An interface between two media is a topologically stable two-dimensional object where 3D-symmetry breaks which allows for the existence of many exotic excitations. A direct way to explore surface excitations is to investigate their interaction with the surface waves, such as very well known capillary-gravity waves and crystallization waves. Helium remains liquid down to absolute zero where bulk excitations are frozen out and do not mask the interaction of the waves with the surface states. Here we show the possibility of the massless wave which can propagate along the surface between two different superfluids phases of He3. The displacement of the surface in this wave occurs due to the transition of helium atoms from one phase to another, so that there is no flow of particles as densities of phases are equal. We calculate the dispersion of the wave in which the inertia is provided by spin supercurrents, and the restoring force is magnetic field gradient. We calculate the dissipation of the wave and show the preferable conditions to observe it.

*physical review b 93 13, 1-4*

doi:

*10.1103/PhysRevB.93.134509*